Handball Court Dimensions: A Detailed Overview

Written By Robert

Handball isn’t just a sport; it’s a showcase of human ability and the power of teamwork. 

The game of handball is a dynamic and high-paced sport that demands agility, strength, and strategic thinking. Central to the conduct of the game is the handball court itself. The dimensions of the court, its zones, and its markings all contribute to the game’s flow and structure. This article will provide an exhaustive exploration of handball court dimensions, their purpose, and their role in the game’s play and strategy.

The Basics

Handball is typically played on an indoor court measuring 40 meters (131.23 feet) long and 20 meters (65.62 feet) wide. The surface of the court is usually made of a material that allows for optimal grip and bounce of the ball, such as wood or synthetic material.

Goal Area

At each end of the court, there is a semicircular goal area (also known as the crease or the 6-meter line) with a radius of 6 meters (19.69 feet) extending from the centre of the goal line. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to stand in this area during play, and field players may not touch the floor of this area with the ball in their possession.

Goalposts and Crossbar

Each goal is 3 meters (9.84 feet) wide and 2 meters (6.56 feet) high, made up of two goalposts and a crossbar. A net is attached to the back of the structure to catch the ball when a goal is scored.

The 7-Meter Line

A straight line, known as the 7-meter line, is marked 7 meters (22.97 feet) directly out from the centre of the goal line. This line is used for penalty throws, awarded for certain infringements during the game. The player taking the penalty must stand on or behind this line when executing the throw.

The 9-Meter Line

A dashed semicircle line, 9 meters (29.53 feet) from the goal line, demarcates the free-throw line. After a minor foul or violation, a free throw is taken from this line. Players in the defending team must be at least 3 meters (9.84 feet) away from the player taking the free throw.

The Center Line

The centre line, also called the halfway line, divides the court into two equal halves. The line is used to start the game and restart after each goal is scored.

Substitution Area

On either side of the timekeeper, a line is drawn to mark the substitution area, which extends 4.5 meters (14.76 feet) from the centre line. This is the area where players can interchange during the course of the game, allowing teams to keep fresh legs on the court and adapt their strategy as needed.

Side and Back Boundaries

The sidelines and goal lines are considered to be out of bounds. If a player with the ball steps on or outside these lines, the ball is given to the other team. Similarly, if a player shoots the ball and it goes outside these lines without first touching another player, the ball is given to the opposition.


Understanding handball court dimensions is essential for anyone involved in the game, from players and coaches to spectators. The design and dimensions of the court impact everything from the flow of play to game strategy. With this detailed understanding of the handball court dimensions, you can now appreciate the complexity and thought that goes into designing a handball court and how the court itself is integral to the game.

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