Handball Injuries: Common Issues and Their Treatments

Written By Robert

Handball isn’t just a sport; it’s a showcase of human ability and the power of teamwork. 

Handball is a dynamic, high-intensity sport that requires quick movements, agility, and excellent hand-eye coordination. However, like all sports, it carries a risk of injury. In this guide, we will discuss common handball injuries, their treatments, and ways to prevent them.

Common Handball Injuries

  1. Ankle Sprains: These are the most common handball injuries, often resulting from rapid changes in direction, jumping, or accidentally stepping on another player’s foot. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and difficulty in walking.
  2. Knee Injuries: These can range from ligament strains to more severe issues like Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears. They often occur due to abrupt stops or changes in direction.
  3. Shoulder Injuries: Overuse from repeated throwing can lead to various shoulder injuries such as rotator cuff strains, impingement, or dislocations.
  4. Hand and Wrist Injuries: These may include fractures, sprains, and strains from falls, catches, or throws.
  5. Facial Injuries: These can happen due to direct contact with the ball, other players, or the ground. Common facial injuries include broken noses and dental injuries.

Treating Handball Injuries

  1. Ankle Sprains: Treatment often involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Severe sprains might require physiotherapy or surgery.
  2. Knee Injuries: Mild knee injuries can be treated with RICE and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Severe injuries, such as an ACL tear, typically require surgical repair and rehabilitation.
  3. Shoulder Injuries: Mild shoulder injuries may be treated with rest, NSAIDs, and physical therapy. More severe cases, such as dislocations, may require surgery.
  4. Hand and Wrist Injuries: Rest, ice, and compression are typically the first line of treatment. Fractures may need immobilization with a cast or splint, and in some cases, surgery.
  5. Facial Injuries: Depending on the severity, treatment might range from simple first aid to surgery.

Preventing Handball Injuries

While injuries are often part of the game, there are steps players can take to reduce their risk:

  1. Proper Training and Conditioning: Regular physical training, including strength, flexibility, and agility exercises, can help condition the body for the demands of handball.
  2. Proper Technique: Learning and consistently practising correct handball techniques can reduce the risk of injury.
  3. Warm-up and Cool-down: These are essential parts of any exercise regimen, helping prepare the body for activity and recovery afterwards.
  4. Wearing Protective Equipment: This includes mouthguards, ankle supports, and proper shoes to help prevent injuries.
  5. Adequate Rest: Overtraining can lead to injuries. It’s important to allow the body time to rest and recover.


Handball, like any sport, carries a risk of injury. However, understanding these injuries and their treatments can help players seek timely medical attention and avoid further damage. Moreover, adopting preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of these injuries, helping athletes enjoy the game while staying healthy. It is always essential to consult with healthcare professionals or sports medicine specialists for personalized advice and treatment.

Remember, the goal is to enjoy the sport and play safely. Be informed, be prepared, and make the most of your handball experience.

What are some common handball injuries?

Common handball injuries include ankle sprains, knee injuries, shoulder injuries, and hand and wrist injuries. Facial injuries can also occur.

How are handball injuries treated?

The treatment depends on the injury. Many injuries are treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Some require physiotherapy, while severe injuries might necessitate surgery.

How can I prevent handball injuries?

Preventive measures include proper training and conditioning, correct technique, warming up and cooling down, wearing protective equipment, and ensuring adequate rest.

Do all handball injuries require surgery?

No, many handball injuries can be treated non-surgically with rest, ice, compression, and elevation, along with pain relief medication. However, severe injuries like ACL tears may require surgical intervention.

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